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January 01, 2000

Stories of Nasreddin

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Selected stories of muslim folk hero Nasreddin Hodja

The Ring

The Mullah (Nasreddin) had lost his ring in the living room. He searched for it for a while, but failing to find it, he went out to the the yard and began to look there. His wife, who saw what he was doing, asked:

“Mullah, you lost your ring in the room, why are you looking for it in the yard?”

Mullah stroked his beard and said:

“The room is too dark and I can’t see very well. I came out to the courtyard to look for my ring because it’s much lighter out here”.

The Donkey

A neighbour came to the gate of Hodja Nasreddin’s yard. The Hodja went to meet him outside.

“Would you mind, Hodja,” the neighbour asked, “can you lend me your donkey today? I have some goods to transport to the next town.”

The Hodja did not feel inclined to lend out the animal to that particular man, however. So, not to seem rude, he answered:

“I’m sorry, but I’ve already lent him to somebody else.”

All of a sudden the donkey could be heard braying loudly behind the wall of the yard.

“But Hodja,” the neighbour exclaimed. “I can hear it behind that wall!”

“Whom do you believe,” the Hodja replied indignantly, “the donkey or your Hodja?”

The Sermon

Once Nasreddin was invited to deliver a sermon. When he got on the pulpit, he asked, ”Do you know what I am going to say?” The audience replied that they did not, so he announced, ”Well, I have no desire to speak to people who don’t even know what I will be talking about!” and left.

The people felt embarrassed and called him back again the next day. This time, when he asked the same question, the people replied yes. So Nasreddin said, ”Well, since you already know what I am going to say, I won’t waste any more of your time!” and left.

Now the people were really perplexed. They decided to try one more time and once again invited the Mullah to speak the following week. Once again he asked the same question – ”Do you know what I am going to say?” By now the people were prepared, and so half of them answered “yes” while the other half replied “no”. So Nasreddin said “Well then, let the half who know what I am going to say tell it to the half who don’t.” and left.

The Grapes

Some children saw Nasreddin coming from the vineyard with two baskets full of grapes loaded on his donkey. They gathered around him and asked him to give them a taste.

Nasreddin picked up a bunch of grapes and gave each child a grape.

“You have so much, but you gave us so little,” the children whined.

“There is no difference whether you have a basketful or a small piece. They all taste the same,” Nasreddin answered, and continued on his way.

The Walnuts

“Children, I will give you all the walnuts in this bag. But tell me first — how do you want me to divide them: God’s way, or mortal’s way?” “God’s way,” the four boys chimed together as one. Mullah opened the bag and gave two handfuls of walnuts to the first boy, one handful to the next boy, just two walnuts to the third boy, and none at all to the last! All the children were baffled, but the fourth boy pouted and complained, “What sort of distribution is this?” “This is God’s way of distributing gifts among his children. Some will get lots, some will get a fair amount, and nothing at all to others. Now, had you asked me to divide the nuts by the usual mortal’s way, I would have handed out an equal amount to everybody.”

January 01, 2000

Qinghai Kinaesthetic Bargaining

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In the open-air spice markets of the Qinghai province, women hawking cordyceps will wear billowing sleeves into which buyers will reach to touch her hand, tapping and fidgeting with fingers in covert price negotiation, a private kinaesthetic bargaining language.

It works like this:

Hand motion Correlating amount
(ascends with repetition)
Pinch 1st finger1 1, 10, 100, 1000, 10,000
Pinch 1st and 2nd finger 2, 20, 200, 2,000, 20,000
Pinch 1st - 3rd fingers 2, 20, 200, 2,000, 20,000
Pinch 1st - 4th fingers 3, 30, 300, 3,000, and 30,000
Pinch all 5 fingers 5, 50, 500, 5,000 and 50,000
Pinch thumb and little finger 6, 60, 600, 6,000 and 60,000
Pinch thumb, index, and middle finger 7, 70, 700, 7,000 and 70,000
Extend thumb and index finger 8, 80, 800, 8,000 and 80,000
Pinch 1st finger in a circle2 9, 90, 900, 9,000 and 90,000

  1. 1st finger = index finger 

  2. I don’t know what is meant by ‘pinch in a circle’, but this was how it was described to me. 

January 01, 2000

Defensive Biological Mimicry

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The mimic evolves to imitate the warning signals of a harmful species directed at a predator which they have in common. The model has some characteristic which makes it less profitable to a predator (such as unpalatability or poisonousness) and so mimics who express similar signals to the model are likely to be mistaken for the model and escape being preyed upon. When the mimic is less common than the model this arrangement can remain stable, since a predator is most likely to prey upon the model, be punished, and avoid similar prey in future. Where the mimic’s numbers are greater than the model’s, the probability of a young predator having a profitable first experience with a mimic is increased, damaging the effectiveness of the mimicry.


Similar to Batesian mimicry, but the model and mimic are both harmful to predators or not worthwhile as prey. At first, it was difficult to explain what catalyzed the mimicry, since a harmful species could seemingly rely on its own signalling to warn predators of its unpalatability. However, both model and mimic benefit from this arrangement since a predator is able to generalize a pattern of potentially harmful encounters more easily, strengthening the predator’s association between the signal and resulting harm by increasing the commonality of the signal. In this way, the predator also benefits.


An unusual form of mimicry where deadly prey mimics a less dangerous, but still unprofitable species. In instances where a predator is likely to die as a result of an encounter with a particular prey they have no possibility of learning to avoid the prey, making unique signalling by the deadly prey pointless— it would be better off camouflaging to avoid attacks altogether. However, if a predator first learns to avoid a less deadly prey species by non-lethal encounters, it is likely also to avoid its mimics. Therefore, the deadlier species mimics the less deadly one to capitalize on the learned avoidance of that species by predators.


A form of mimicry found in weeds which come to share characteristics with a domesticated plant through artificial selection. Selection against the weed may occur either by manually killing the weed, or by separating its seeds from those of the crop, pressuring the weed to express characteristics increasingly similar to the crop. Rye is an example of a ‘secondary crop’, originally a weed species which evolved to imitate wheat through artificial selection, until rye itself became worth harvesting. This form of mimicry does not occur in ecosystems unaltered by humans.


  • Commensalism: long-term biological interaction (symbiosis) in which members of one species gain benefits while those of the other species neither benefit nor are harmed
  • Aposematism: use of warning coloration to inform potential predators that an animal is poisonous, venomous, or otherwise dangerous.
  • Inquiline: an animal that lives commensally in the nest/ burrow/dwelling place of another species.
  • Mutualism: ecological interaction between two or more species where each species has a net benefit.

January 01, 2000

The Five Pillars of Islam

Study for conversation with the faithful

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1. Shahada — Profession of Faith

The belief and profession that “There is no god but God, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God”. One becomes a Muslim by reciting this phrase with conviction.

2. Salat — Prayer

Pray facing Mecca five times a day: at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and after dark. Prayer includes a recitation of the opening chapter (sura) of the Qur’an. Men gather in the mosque for the noonday prayer on Friday.

3. Zakat — Alms

The faithful must donate a fixed portion of their income to benefit of the community, or to the church. This must be done both as a religious duty and to secure the blessings associated with charity.

4. Sawm — Fasting

During the daylight hours of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, all healthy adult Muslims must abstain from food and drink. Through this temporary deprivation they renew awareness of and gratitude for God’s bounty. The Qur’an was first revealed during this month.

5. Hajj — Pilgrimage

Health and finances permitting, the faithful must visit the holy city of Mecca at least once. The Ka’ba, a cubical structure covered in black embroidered hangings, is at the center of the Haram Mosque in Mecca, present-day Saudi Arabia. The Ka’ba is the house which Ibrahim built for God, and the faithful face in its direction (Qibla) when they pray. Since the time of the Prophet Muhammad, the faithful have gathered around the Ka’ba on the eighth and twelfth days of the final month of the Islamic calendar.

January 01, 2000

Doing Easy

An Essay By William S. Burroughs

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DE is a way of doing. It is a way of doing everything you do. DE simply means doing whatever you do in the easiest most relaxed way you can manage which is also the quickest and most efficient way, as you will find as you advance in DE.

You can start right now tidying up your flat, moving furniture or books, washing dishes, making tea, sorting papers. Consider the weight of objects exactly how much force is needed to get the object from here to there. Consider its shape and texture and function where exactly does it belong. Use just the amount of force necessary to get the object from here to there. Don’t fumble, jerk, grab an object. Drop cool possessive fingers onto it like a gentle old cop making a soft arrest. Guide the dustpan lightly to the floor as if you were landing a plane. When you touch an object weigh it with your fingers, feel your fingers on the object, the skin, blood, muscles, tendons of you hand and arm. Consider these extensions of yourself as precision instruments to perform every movement smoothly and well.

Handle objects with consideration and they will show you all their little tricks. Don’t tug or pull at a zipper. Guide the little metal teeth smoothly along feeling the sinuous ripples of cloth and flexible metal. Replacing the cap on a tube of toothpaste… (and this should always be done at once. Few things are worse than and uncapped tube, maladroitly squeezed, twisting up out of the bathroom glass drooling paste, unless it be a tube with the cap barbarously forced on all askew against the threads). Replacing the cap let the very tips of your fingers protrude beyond the cap contacting the end of the tube guiding the cap into place. Using your fingertips as a landing gear will enable you to drop any light object silently and surely into its place.

Remember every object has its place. If you dont find that place and put that thing there it will jump out at you and trip you or rap you painfully across the knuckles. It will nudge you and clutch at you and get in your way. Often such objects belong in the wastebasket but often its just that they are out of place. Learn to place an object firmly and quietly in its place and do not let your fingers move that object as they leave it there. When you put down a cup separate your fingers cleanly from the cup. Do not let them catch in the handle and if they do repeat the movement until fingers separate clean. If you dont catch that nervous finger that won’t let go of that handle you may twitch hot tea across the Duchess.

Never let a poorly executed sequence pass. If you throw a match at a wastebasket and miss, get right up and put that match in the wastebasket. If you have time repeat the cast that failed. There is a always a reason for missing an easy toss. Repeat the toss and you will find it. If you rap your knuckles against a window jamb or door. If you brush your leg against a desk or a bed, if you catch your feet in the curled-up corner of a rug, or strike a toe against a desk or chair go back and repeat the sequence. You will be surprised to find how far off course you were to hit that window jamb, that door, that chair. Get back on course and do it again. How can you pilot a spacecraft if you can’t find your way around your own apartment? It’s just like retaking a movie shot until you get it right. And you will begin to feel yourself in a film moving with ease and speed. But don’t try for speed at first. Try for relaxed smoothness taking as much time as you need to perform an action. If you drop an object, break and object, spill anything, knock painfully against anything, galvanically clutch an object, pay particular attention to the retake. You may find out why and forestall a repeat performance. If the object is broken sweep up the pieces and remove them from the room at once. If the object is intact or you have a duplicate object repeat sequence. You may experience a strange feeling as if the objects are alive and hostile trying to twist out of your fingers, slam noisily down on a table, jump out at you and stub your toe or trip you. Repeat sequence until objects are brought to order.

Here is student at work. At two feet he tosses red plastic milk cap at the orange garbage bucket. The cap sails over the bucket like a flying saucer. He tries again. Same result. He examines the cap and finds that one edge is crushed down. He pries the edge back into place. Now the cap will drop obediently into the bucket. Every object you touch is alive with your life and your will.

The student tosses cigarette box at wastebasket and it bounces out from the cardboard cover from a metal coat hanger, which is resting diagonally across the wastebasket and never should be there at all. If an ashtray is emptied into that wastebasket the cardboard triangle will split the ashes and the butts scattering both on the floor. Student takes a box of matches from his coat pocket preparatory to lighting cigarette from new package on table. With the matches in one hand he makes another toss and misses of course his fingers are in future time lighting cigarette. He retrieves package puts the matches down and now stopping slightly legs bent hop skip over the washstand and into the wastebasket, miracle of the Zen master who hits a target in the dark these little miracles will occur more an more often as you advance in DE… the ball of paper tossed over the shoulder into the wastebasket, the blanket flipped and settled just into place that seems to fold itself under the brown satin fingers of an old Persian merchant. Objects move into place at your lightest touch. You slip into it like a film moving with such ease you hardly know you are doing it. You’d come into the kitchen expecting to find a sink full of dirty dishes and instead every dish is put away and the kitchen shines. The Little People have been there and done your work fingers light and cold as spring wind through the rooms.

The student considers heavy objects. Tape recorder on the desk taking up too much space and he doesnt use it very often. So put it under the washstand. Weigh it with the hands. First attempt the cord and socket leaps across the desk like a frightened snake. He bumps his back on the washstand putting the recorder under it. Try again lift with legs not back. He hits the lamp. He looks at that lamp. It is a horrible disjointed object the joints tightened with cellophane tape disconnected when not in use the cord leaps out and wraps around his feet sometimes jerking the lamp off the desk. Remove that lamp from the room and buy a new one. Now try again lifting shifting pivoting dropping on the legs just so and right under the washstand.

You will discover clumsy things you’ve been doing for years until you think that is just the way things are. Here is an American student who for years has clawed at the red plastic cap on English milk bottle you see American caps have a little tab and he has been looking for that old tab all these years. Then one day in a friend’s kitchen he saw a cap depressed at the center. Next morning he tries it and the miracle occurs. Just the right pressure in the center and he lifts the cap off with deft fingers and replaces it. He does this several times in wonder and in awe and ell he might him a college professor and very technical too planarian worms learn quicker than that for years he has been putting on his socks after he puts on his pants so he has to roll up pants and pants and socks get clawed in together so why not put on the socks before the pants? He is learning the simple miracles … The Miracle of the Washstand Glass… we all know the glass there on a rusty razor blade streaked with pink tooth paste a decapitated tube writhing up out of it… quick fingers go to work and Glass sparkles like the Holy Grail in the morning sunlight. Now he does the wallet drill. For years he has carried his money in the left side pocket of his pants reaching down to fish out eh naked money… bumping his fingers against the sharp edges of the notes. Often the notes were in two stacks and puling out the one could drop the other on the floor. The left side pocket of the pants is most difficult to pick but worse things can happen than a picked pocket one can dine out on that for a season. Two manicured fingers sliding into the well-cut suit wafted into the waiting hand and engraved message from the Queen. Surely this is the easy way. Besides no student of DE would have his pocket picked applying DE in the street, picking his route through slower walkers, dont get stuck behind that baby carriage, careful when you round a corner dont bump into somebody coming round the other way. He takes the wallet out in front a mirror, removes notes, counts notes, replaces notes. As rapidly as he can with no fumbling, catching note edges on wallet, or other errors. That is a basic principle which must be repeated. When speed is crucial to the operation you must find your speed the fastest you can perform the operation with out error. Don’t try for speed at first it will come his fingers will rustle through the wallet with a touch light as dead leaves and crinkle discreetly the note that will bribe a South American customs official into overlooking a shrunken down head. The customs agent smiles a collector’s smile the smile of a connoisseur. Such a crinkle he has not heard since a French jewel thief with crudely forged papers made a crinkling sound over them with his hands and there is the note neatly folded into a false passport.

Now some one will say… But if I have to think about every move I make …You only have to think and break down movement into a series of still pictures to be studied and corrected because you have not found the easy way. Once you find the easy way you dont have to think about it will almost do itself.

Operations performed on your person… brushing teeth, washing, etc. can lead you to correct a defect before it develops. Here is student with a light case of bleeding gums. His dentist has instructed him to massage gums by placing little splinters of wood called Inter Dens between the teeth and massaging gum with seesaw motion. He snatches at Inter Dens, opens his mouth in a stiff grimace and jabs at a gum with a shaking hand. Now he remembers his DE. Start over. Take out eh little splinters of wood like small chopsticks joined at the base and separate them gently. Now find where the bleeding is. Relax face and move Inter Dens up and down gently firmly gums relaxed direct your attention to that spot. No not getting better and better just let the attention of your whole body and all the healing power of your body flow with it. A soapy hand on your lower back feeling the muscles and vertebrae can catch a dislocation right there and save you a visit to the osteopath. Illness and disability is largely a matter of neglect. You ignore something because it is painful and it becomes more uncomfortable through neglect and you neglect it further. Everyday tasks become painful and boring because you think of them as WORK something solid and heavy to be fumbled and stumbled over. Overcome this block and you will find that DE can be applied to anything you do even to the final discipline of doing nothing. The easier you do it the less you have to do. He who has learned to do nothing with his whole mind and body will have everything done for him.

Let us now apply DE to a simple test: the old Western quick draw gunfight. Only one gun fighter ever really grasped the concept of DE and that was Wyatt Earp. Nobody ever beat him. Wyatt Earp said: It’s not the first shot that counts. It’s the first shot that hits. Point is to draw aim and fire and deliver the slug an inch above the belt buckle

That’s DE. How fast can you do it and get it done?

It is related that a young boy once incurred the wrath of Two Gun McGee ? McGee has sworn to kill him and is even now preparing himself in a series of saloons. The boy has never been in a gunfight and Wyatt Earp advises him to leave town while McGee is still two saloons away. The boy refuses to leave.

“All right” Earp tells him “You can hit a circle four inches square at six feet can’t you? all right take your time and hit it.” Wyatt flattens himself against a wall calling out once more “Take your time, kid.”

(How fast can you take your time, kid?)

At this moment McGee bursts through the door a .45 in each hand spittin lead all over the town. A drummer from St. Louis is a bit slow hitting the floor and catches a slug in the forehead. A boy peacefully eating chop suey in the Chinese restaurant next door stops a slug with his thigh.

Now the kid draws his gun steadies it in both hands aims and fires at six feet hitting Two Gun McGee squarely in the stomach. The heavy slug knocks him back against the wall. He manages to get off one last shot and bring down the chandelier. The boy fires again and sends a bullet ripping through McGee’s liver and another through his chest.

The beginner can think of DE as a game. You are running an obstacle course the obstacles set up by your opponent. As soon as you attempt to put DE into practice you will find that you have an opponent very clever and resourceful with detailed knowledge of you weaknesses and above all expert in diverting your attention for the moment necessary to drop a plate on the kitchen floor. Who or what is this opponent that makes you spill drop and fumble slip and fall? Groddeck and Freud called it the IT a built in self-destructive mechanism. Mr Hubbard calls it the Reactive Mind. You will disconnect IT as you advance in the discipline of DE. De Brings you into direct conflict with the IT in present time where you can control your moves. You can beat the IT in present time.

Take the inverse skill of the IT back into your own hands. These skills belong to you. Make them yours. You know where the wastebasket is. You can land objects in that wastebasket over you shoulder. You know how to touch and move and pick up things. Regaining these physical skills is of course simply a prelude to regaining other skills and knowledge that you have and cannot make available for your use. You know your entire past history just what year month and hour everything happened. If you have heard a language for any length of time you know that language. You have a computer in your brain. DE will show you how to use it. But that is another chapter.

DE applies to ALL operations carried out inside the body … brain waves, digestion, blood pressure and rate of heart beats … and that is another chapter…

“And now I have stray cats to feed and my class at the Leprosarium.”

Lady Sutton-Smith raises a distant umbrella…

“I hope you find your way … The address in empty streets…”

January 01, 2000

Ray Peat’s Carrot Salad

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Savoury Version


  • Carrot shredded lengthwise (to create long fibers)
  • Olive or coconut oil
  • Apple cider vinegar
  • Salt and garlic to taste

Sweet Version


  • Carrot shredded lengthwise (to create long fibers)
  • Fresh strawberries and/or raisins,
  • Banana
  • Lemon juice for freshness

Note on Carrots:

3-5 Carrots each day confers shining golden skin. You can put a bag of carrots in a slow cooker to soften them, and eat them over the course of the week. I generally avoid vegetables, but carrots are one of the few that I eat regularly. The others are potato, peas, garlic and onion— It may be that the only possible benefit afforded by leafy vegetables is a hormetic tolerance to their poisonous constituents.

January 01, 2000

Liver Disc

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  • Blend raw liver thoroughly
  • Pour onto tray, spread thinly
  • Freeze overnight
  • Slice and store sealed
  • Use: Add to smoothies (see below) or to cooking.

Example use in bolognese sauce: Once sauce is cooked, stir through liver until melted and integrated, so as not to cook it. Another tip: crush garlic and stir through sauce raw; unlike usual practice of adding garlic early, this preserves garlic flavour and avoids cooking.

Example use in smoothie recipe:

  • Frozen liver
  • Frozen blueberries
  • Pine pollen
  • 3 eggs
  • Kefir
  • Cream
  • Milk
  • Honey
  • Lemon juice

January 01, 2000

Ginger and Ginseng Morning Drink

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  • 5 parts water/mineral water
  • 1 part pure ginger juice
  • 1 tsp brown sugar
  • 1 tsp dried ginseng root (powdered)


NB: This recipe can be made in bulk in a glass bottle. Shake before pouring to properly distribute ginger fibres and ginseng powder.

Aside from being anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and a digestive, ginger is a hunger suppressant and aids brain function (as does sugar), making this a good aid for fasting.

To dissolve sugar well, add it first, pour a splash of boiling water and stir before adding ginger juice and remaining water.

See other drink recipes here.

January 01, 2000

Assorted Recipes from Timor Leste

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Sambal Lu’at Chili Paste


  • Chili
  • Garlic
  • Ginger
  • Galangal
  • Lemongrass
  • Kaffir lime
  • Basil
  • Coriander
  • Salt


  • Grind chilies
  • Peel ginger/galangal
  • Zest citruses
  • Grate/chop all finely
  • Mix all and add salt
  • Refrigerate and ferment for 2 days in clean jar

NB: Lasts ~3-4 wks. Recipes vary, and some use varying combinations of the above ingredients, as well as red onion, tomato, scallion.

Bilimbi Paste

Combine as above:

  • Bilimbi (sliced or mashed)
  • Lime
  • Lemon
  • Chili
  • Garlic

Batch-grilled Fish:

mackerel / halibut / sardine / snapper / barramundi / whiting

  • Preheat grill hot, ~220° (430F)
  • Oil fish heavily and season
  • 8-10 min grill-time per inch of thickness

January 01, 2000


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Pituri was a drug used by aboriginal Australians, made by mixing ground leaves of plants containing nicotine with wood ash, whose alkaline nature aids absorbtion and potentiates the drug. Elders who knew the lore of pituri use are long dead, and in keeping with indigenous values, took their cultural secrets to the grave rather than share them with the uninitiated. However, reports yield various account of the effects of pituri, ranging from depressive laxity to strength and endurance, hyperactivity, and verbosity. Pituri was said to be the substance that allowed aboriginals to walk hundreds of miles over days without food or water, and was taken before meetings and warfare.

It is variously made with Duboisia hopwoodii or other similar plants such as those abovementioned of the genus Nicotiana. Hopwoodii is high in nicotine, but unlike many nicotiana it is low in nornicotine, a minor tobacco alkaloid and metabolite. This gives Hopwoodii slightly different effects, possibly leading to a more hyperactive perceived state. This squares with the descriptions of pituri’s effects as inducing hyperactivity and energy.

NB: the closest modern consumer goods to pituri are probably nicotine gum and oral nicotine pouches. When used discerningly, these can powerfully assist learning and habit acquisition by bootstrapping the neural association between an action and the release of dopamine, aiding in reward-induced neuroplasticity.


January 01, 2000

The Full-Stack Kitchen

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  • Quail egg peeling machine (automatic better than manually operated)
  • Garlic peeling machine (water peeler? dry peeler?)
  • Slow cooker
  • Crock pot
  • Cast iron griddled
  • Cast iron flat
  • Pot
  • Rice cooker
  • Fish Basket
  • Charcoal grill
    • Weber
    • Chinese charcoal grill
  • Large tubs for spices

January 01, 2000

Note Capture Stack

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  • Shell/Python scripts —> Obsidian
  • Obsidian
  • Copy as Markdown Chrome Extension (Research Dumps)

Research Dump —> Article Pipeline

  • Research and read
  • All tabs open in one window
  • Copy as Markdown Chrome Extension: Copy all tabs as links
  • Create new research dump note and add title (Research session is now captured/frozen)
  • Take notes in new document while reading through sources
  • Embed research link dump at bottom of new note/journal entry, to function as further reading list

January 01, 2000

Herbs and Supplements

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Blue chip supplements:

  • Creatine
  • Glycine
  • Garlic
  • Ginger
  • Ginseng
  • Iodine
  • Magnesium
  • Pine pollen
  • Probiotics
  • Theanine
  • Kelp
  • Roe
  • Oysters

These are included in various combinations here

Other approved supplements:

  • Cacao
  • Aspirin
  • Niacin
  • Magnesium
  • Goji Berry


  • BPC-157
  • Blue lotus
  • Deer antler tonic
  • Bacopa monnieri
  • Yohimbe/yohimbine
  • Ashwaghanda
  • Betel leaf
  • Shilajit
  • Rhodiola rosea — Powdered root
  • Guarana
  • White goose berries
  • Maca
  • Catuaba
  • Hemp
  • Taurine
  • Alpha GPC
  • L-carnitine
  • Gingko biloba
  • NALT (tyrosine)
  • Yerba mate
  • Monosodium Glutamate: Unfairly maligned?

Chinese Herb Mixture

The following herb mixture is used in this [[Ginseng Chicken Tonic Soup (Chinese Style)|this ginseng chicken tonic soup recipe:]]

  • Huang Jing (Siberian Solomon’s Seal)
    • Cosmic Qi, Yang power, tonifies all Three Treasures. Makes the body light and clears the eyes.
  • Goji Berry (Fructus Lycii)
    • Vision, liver and kidneys, neuroprotective
  • Dang Shen (Codonopsis pilosula)
    • Enhance Qi and improve digestion, nourish blood, tonify lungs, boost vitality.
  • Chinese Yam
  • Ginseng Root
    • Manifold benefits
  • Astralagus (Huang Qi)


  • Chaga
  • Lions mane
  • Reishi
  • Cordyceps
  • Psilocybe subaeruginosa
  • Psilocybe cubensis


Growing and curing


  • Nicotiana tabacum: Common tobacco— usually illegal without license, or requires payment of a tax. Flowers are white with a pink tinge.
  • Nicotiana alata: Named varieties of this and other species including N. x sanderae are frequently grown in gardens. The variety ‘Lime Green’ has lime green flowers. Others range through colours of green, crimson, purple, salmon and white.
  • Nicotiana sylvestris: Scented, pendulous snow white flowers hang from a tall, imposing plant.


Pituri was a drug used by aboriginal Australians, made by mixing ground leaves of plants containing nicotine with wood ash, whose alkaline nature aids absorbtion and potentiates the drug. Elders who knew the lore of pituri use are long dead, and in keeping with indigenous values, took their cultural secrets to the grave rather than share them with the uninitiated. However, reports yield various account of the effects of pituri, ranging from depressive laxity to strength and endurance, hyperactivity, and verbosity. Pituri was said to be the substance that allowed aboriginals to walk hundreds of miles over days without food or water, and was taken before meetings and warfare.

It is variously made with Duboisia hopwoodii or other similar plants such as those abovementioned of the genus Nicotiana. Hopwoodii is high in nicotine, but unlike many nicotiana it is low in nornicotine, a minor tobacco alkaloid and metabolite. This gives Hopwoodii slightly different effects, possibly leading to a more hyperactive perceived state. This squares with the descriptions of pituri’s effects as inducing hyperactivity and energy.

NB: the closest modern consumer goods to pituri are probably nicotine gum and oral nicotine pouches. When used discerningly, these can powerfully assist learning and habit acquisition by bootstrapping the neural association between an action and the release of dopamine, aiding in reward-induced neuroplasticity.


Notes on optimisation


Dried ginseng root can be found at asian grocers, or order in bulk online. While there are many supplements for ginseng, it’s easier to determine the content by simply buying the root. Dried ginseng root is hard and snaps like a twig, so when blended it pulverises well. This powder can go straight into tea or smoothies. I use this powder in the below-mentioned morning drink with ginger.


There aren’t many convenient ways to regularly supplement garlic— since it’s bothersome to peel and doesn’t freeze well, bulk packs of fresh peeled garlic that can be found at asian grocers aren’t very useful. To optimise peeling, pick fat bulbs with dry skin. Pickled garlic lasts a long time and is a good secondary or backup garlic source. Full fresh cloves can be chewed with a mouthful of milk to alleviate garlic breath and avoid getting spiced out, as well as neutralizing acidity in the stomach.

Black garlic

Black garlic is aged, potentiated garlic. Garlic is slowly cooked for between 10-40 days, resulting in a soft, mild garlic that can be spread on bread, eaten unaccompanied or added to cooking. All benefits of fresh garlic are maintained.


  • Wrap full heads of garlic in foil (can be wrapped individually or as a group, but wrapping must be tight)
  • place in slow cooker, rice cooker, or crock pot on warm setting
  • leave for 33 days


Though raw sliced root can be chewed, used in cooking, or brewed in tea, I find that real 100% ginger juice is readily available online, cost effective, bulk-friendly and convenient, and by my own account confers all benefits of ginger root.

Every morning I drink a glass of the below recipe, which I make in bulk every couple of weeks:

Ginger and ginseng morning drink

Ginger and Ginseng Morning Drink


  • 5 parts water/mineral water
  • 1 part pure ginger juice
  • 1 tsp brown sugar
  • 1 tsp dried ginseng root (powdered)


NB: This recipe can be made in bulk in a glass bottle. Shake before pouring to properly distribute ginger fibres and ginseng powder.

Aside from being anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and a digestive, ginger is a hunger suppressant and aids brain function (as does sugar), making this a good aid for fasting.

To dissolve sugar well, add it first, pour a splash of boiling water and stir before adding ginger juice and remaining water.

See other drink recipes [[Drink Recipes here]].

Pine pollen

In tea, or mixed with honey.

Pine pollen is a natural multivitamin and phytoandrogen used in traditional chinese medicine and endorsed by broscience. If you have had success fermenting pine pollen, or know of studies addressing this, please alert me with results.


As nightcap, with water and lemon juice, or in tea.


In tea or smoothies.


The taste of liver is difficult to conceal without cooking, but the below method is helpful:

Liver Disc

Liver Disc


  • Blend raw liver thoroughly
  • Pour onto tray, spread thinly
  • Freeze overnight
  • Slice and store sealed
  • Use: Add to smoothies (see below) or to cooking.

Example use in bolognese sauce: Once sauce is cooked, stir through liver until melted and integrated, so as not to cook it. Another tip: crush garlic and stir through sauce raw; unlike usual practice of adding garlic early, this preserves garlic flavour and avoids cooking.

Example use in smoothie recipe:

  • Frozen liver
  • Frozen blueberries
  • Pine pollen
  • 3 eggs
  • Kefir
  • Cream
  • Milk
  • Honey
  • Lemon juice


3 carrots a day for beautiful skin.


  • Sun potion
  • Solgar
  • Iodoral
  • Cynomel-T3 and Cynoplus-T3 + T4

January 01, 2000

Reptile Dispatches 0.1

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Bullet Hell

I sleep long and deep and dream in symbols. I go to war in haywire visions every night, deployed into a hot red waste, a brutal goon in Bullet Hell. I wake up battered half to death wrapped in vines, red in tooth and claw.

In waking life I range the streets bedevilled by homeless drug-addicted warlocks, fat-tongued witches, brutal diviners deployed in hot blitzes to ravage and charge me. I turn them back with dry power spells and bloodhex their bodies— they angulate groaningly, splitting open in grey ash clouds. I beat them hollow and mince them to chalk, and they return later as hypnagogic apparitions, enterprising to destroy me in another plane. There too, I turn them back, split them open again. I am under Interminable assault, savaged by sigil-drawing gas station summoners who conjure from the air1, vulgar lizards with faces on their backs, ballistic pythonesses cracking shellfish raw in bars. I strike three limbs at once and turn them back, split them open, spilling ash taken by the wind like murmurations of starlings.

I’m training bodyweight and kickboxing, transformed into a mutagenic goon by Clean Soul Protocol2 (CSP) and rigorously controlled sensory input. Bodyweight training minmaxes on two axes in mutual tension to optimise for Strength to Weight Ratio (S/W), a universal metric ordained by God. Biological hierarchy is revealed by the S/W. There is no harm in being heavier than one looks; only benefits. Body fat is an affront to the virtue of pure physiological economy; a bag of pollution belying the mechanoid goblin under your skin. Dense limbs swing faster and harder, making calisthenic training symbiotic with combat striking, a better and more dignified art than the weaponized cuddling of jiu-jitsu, which binds you up with a single opponent and necessitates lying on the ground, vulnerable to head stomps from accomplices.

there’s nothing in my stomach so my body eats itself, dining on dead wood and growing leaner, harder. My bones grow dense as cast-iron and my raw fists move fast when I hurl them. I can leap vertically as high as my head, plant my back foot and swing a leg through a telephone pole like it’s made of cheeto, heavy bone cracking dry wood to splinters. when I see people I look through them and when they talk I dodge words like flicked matches— I flick matches at the bouncer and am thrown out, onto the wet street again with the reptiles.


Corpses walk the street these days, every second person you pass has some piece or other hanging off them, grey skin with brains herniating out through their skull. People amble around haggard like they’ve been through labour, wilted and doubled over, blood turned to battery acid. The spine is a cannon used to shoot the soul up to God3, and walking around bent over causes misfires, and black smoke. People decay and come apart like wet paper as they stray from the path of God— he bears wounds who brawls with indomitable fate, and he who spits acid has a mouthful of sores— it pains him to speak. Homes carved into walls, Virgin Girl Massage Palace, Lotus Eater Marble Temple Tea House, Police Station.

  1. Self-assembling crystalline microstructures (low-temperature Mother-of-Pearl enamel)
  2. Energy regeneration (Swarm logic software)
  3. Structural color (Peacock tail pigment-free material shading)
  4. Aquaporin desalination membrane (Forward osmosis filters)
  5. Fungally innoculated seeds (Volcano farming)

Boiled Angels

Late Friday evening I’m praying at the Chinese restaurant with the abalone and dragon crayfish in tanks, buckets of blue swimmer crabs and swarms of tiny shrimp, wet bald ducks swinging shiny in the window. Here I meet with two angular chainsmokers, twins who speak as one like bald androids. They brought a girl too, skinny neck with a fresh cattlebrand peeking out under her collar. It seems clear she’s some kind of military technology, a viperess with the spirit boiled out.

This building has seven floors, three below and three above. We descend, stepping downward into the building’s machinery, leaving ginseng tea steaming on the table next to shots of deer antler tonic.

Below ground now, we descend past rows of sweatshop slaves embroidering demonskin brogues and bat-leather belts, bent over like scribbling chroniclers, they don’t look up as I pass. The viperess leads us deeper, past meat fridges lined like vineyards with bloodless carcasses swinging among the blinking lights of server racks whirring in the dark, rows extending back further than the eye can see. By the stairs a skinny bald child in mandarin collar and clogs is sweeping away ice crystals and dust with a millet broom.

  1. Psychic Defence against Enhanced Warlords : Pyramid sets of 10 classical mudras cycled + Pranayama breathing — Extended upside down hanging counteracts psychic attacks and Sahasrara Chakra floods with kundalini; the body becomes immortal. Haṭha Yoga Pradīpikā will not teach you this fortification against alien intelligence / altered entities. 

  2. for breakfast, 3 cloves garlic, kelp, cold terrine, blueberries and a probiotic pill with tonic tea (pounded dry ginseng root, deer antler tonic, and goji berries, teaspoon of brown sugar). Fast until late, broken by white fish, salmon roe and oysters, or dark greens and chicken hearts with black broth. 30 minutes rowing or kickboxing, 5x8 clean and press, and a pyramid set of deadlifts or 4x farmer’s carries to failure. 2-5 minutes cumulative dead hangs. Eggs, glycine, cinnamon and taurine, prayer. Sleep 9 hrs. 

  3. Posture — Unblock all spinal meridians and the barrel of this cannon is cleared for launch. Fire travel upward. Horse-riding stance when stationary, Opening Outward Movement each day. When walking, head should remain on a single horizontal plane, and steps should be long — Heel makes contact with ground as toe leaves it, foot rolling forward like a wheel with calf muscles activated as ankle extends to point toe toward ground, propelling body forward. 

January 01, 2000

Origin and History of the Chicken

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  • Chickens are largely descended from the Red junglefowl, a bird which none could say looks entirely dissimilar to the modern chicken. They are still scientifically classified as the same species, and can freely interbreed.
  • Chickens share about 70-80% of their DNA with this still-surviving species, domesticated by humans in the Hellenistic period (4-2C BCE) after millennia of being used for cockfighting.
  • Subsequently, interbreeding occurred with the grey, green, and Sri Lankan junglefowls, leading to the multifarious chicken breeds we have today.

Adapted reproductive patterns

  • Chickens retain adapted characteristics of junglefowl which take advantage of the vast quantities of seed produced during the end of the multi-decade bamboo seeding cycle, causing it to breed prolifically when exposed to large amounts of food.
  • In nature, junglefowl populations would balloon every few decades due to the abundant food produced by the simultaneous seeding of many bamboo plants, and slowly dwindle until the next seed cycle. This creates population graph which looks like an inverse Sawtooth wave.
  • Humans took advantage of the junglefowl’s capacity for prolific reproduction when exposed to abundant food by feeding them all the time, leaving them in permanent state of hyperfertility.


  • Chickens are one of few animals which show unihemispheric slow-wave sleep (USWS), a type of sleep where one half of the brain rests while the other half remains alert— this also means they sleep with one eye open, corresponding to the half of the brain which is not sleeping.
  • No animal does not require sleep— this information is obscured by the varied forms of sleep that some animals exhibit, but animals like bullfrogs or bees, often said not to require sleep, actually do sleep. Bees do not require ‘recovery sleep’, meaning that after long periods of wakefulness they will be fully energised by a sleep of normal duration.

January 01, 2000

Compiled Notes on Science

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Science and Uncertainty

“Religion teaches society to be satisfied with not understanding the world.”

This phrase is a bloodhex wrought in word warlockery and goblin worship. Science ‘understands’ reality by reconstructing it in a simulation pre-committed to explicability, generating conclusions analogically. ie. reality¹ = that which we can understand² → we understand² reality¹

Even good science doesn’t understand; only explores. Besides, the REAL world is implicitly unintelligible to man’s feeble mind, and to accept this is to acknowledge the highest truth we are capable of grasping— FLEE from the neurotic self-placation of concocted ‘understanding’.

This coup against Truth flows from man’s breathless FEAR— of uncertainty, of ineluctable ignorance… but most finally of God, and our inadequacy in his shadow. But man IS inadequate— immeasurably so. By man’s very finitude he is made infinitely inferior to the infinitude of God.

Rather than accept his station, man does all he can do: redefine reality in analogy + simulacra, words + metaphor (every word is a metaphor). He refactors the terminology to self-aggrandise: Yes, we are certain about the nature of reality, since reality is comprised of that which we are certain of.

God is Beauty, Strength, Health, Wealth + Harmony idealised. His very image strikes existential panic in the resentful man the same way an incel is stricken by the ideal Beauty of a passing girl. Presented with its ungraspable antithesis, ugliness shrieks; a vampire in sunlight.

So u see, contained in this neurosis is a rejection of everything which constitutes flourishing. Beauty casts ugliness in its shadow; to look from above is necessarily to look down one’s nose. And man, having styled himself master of reality, hates to be looked down upon.

But I marvel at the Beauty of God’s nostrils. I love to be looked upon by something so beautiful; I reach upward, stretching to meet Him. I know He won’t come down to meet me, else he would not be God.

The fundamental attachment of scientism is not to Truth, but to certainty— a small box which Truth cannot fit into. No fact whose mechanism is inexplicable can be considered ‘scientific’, and so nothing inexplicable (a category including everything valuable) can be known by science

Certainty PRECLUDES Truth— any concrete assertion (science’s sole currency) can be shown to rely on either circular reasoning (gravity pulls objects together bc such is the nature of gravity), regression (molecules made of atoms made of…), or an axiomatic terminus (big bang)

any metaphysical argument is either circular, regressive, or axiomatic— scientific assertions are the same, only disguised as observations about the material world. Eg, The Big Bang is an axiomatic argument whose logical terms are projected onto materiality

A good heuristic is that something is TRUE precisely to the extent that it DOES NOT makes sense. Words are blunt objects to paw at Divinity, groping at a statue of Her in a dark room… I believe that when u die + ur consciousness dissolves, the lights in this room flicker on.

Science (like any form of measurement) is only useful in constructing a simple model of reality from which to make predictions. On God’s death rationalism came to replace Him, to replace reality. An atheist will say that the all Truth is scientific (reality is ‘made of science’).

Besides, when science is deprived of metaphysical authority it is revealed to be simple empirical observation, the normal mode of operation for any human.

Science and Myth

The first principle of a ‘purely rational’ worldview is that nothing means anything, and that the real is co-extensive with the explicable. It has no attachment to Truth whatsoever, only to certainty— this is its only significant difference from a mystical worldview.

Science is every bit as mythical as religion. To capture a mystical/enchanted phenomena using scientific terms is to recast a story about “beings acted upon by Gods” into a story about “matter acted upon by forces”. The difference is that the latter characters are uninteresting.

The final conclusion of science is to show that it was a pointless endeavour to begin with. Any purely rationalistic interrogation of the universe must eventually discover that it can go no farther, and arrive finally at a negation of its fundamental rational axioms. This is because any possible discovery such a method of inquiry are already contained within its very precepts— investigate the world using a schema which accepts only mechanistic material causation as sound data, and one discovers that the world is purely material, and operates causally and mechanistically. This is shown most clearly in theoretical physics, a purely abstract systematic science relatively unbound from observation in comparison to the natural sciences. It is the first of the sciences to conclude that at bottom, the universe does not operate on rational principles.

How to make knowledge:

  • Pick method of investigation (write algorithm)
  • Plug in real data (while discriminating based on data format accepted by algorithm)
  • Wait (for data accretion to satisfy all avenues of inquiry)
  • Method finds that its precepts == outputs

Method and Tradition

Attachment to method in science kneecaps man’s greatness. The better u understand its fragile, paranoid+constrictive ‘method’, the more obvious it becomes just how advanced humanity could be if science were ideal wild west of thought, anarchistic and devoid of universal method, promoting indiscriminately the greatness and ascension of man, his power and flourishing.

Science’s dogmatism far outstrips that of religion. The foremost scientific principle, that any new inquiry must be grounded in the framework validated by previous findings, is corrupt + dogmatic, strangles the darwinian selection mechanism which could make science powerful, preserves the more popular theory, not the truer one.

Unimpeded by method, an idea is true because it works— it is correct to the extent of its functionality. This is the way that man evolved his senses, faculties for simplification and organisation of chaotic data. Remember: man’s reason is but another of these senses, as physiologically contingent as any.

The scientific criterion for ‘truth’ is mechanistic intelligibility: If an observation cannot be explained mechanistically it is not scientifically true. It’s ‘unscientific’. Worse, the only acceptable explanation is material causation (which, beneath its veil, is only an all-too-human reliance on narrativity)

In this way, the scientistic weltanschauung DEMANDS meaninglessness, and the psychological profile of the scientist exposes this as his original aim. Once meaning and enchantment are drained from phenomena, once it is stripped bare of mystic knowledge… this void they call scientific truth, Enlightenment.

This reveals the question of science as a psychological + anthropological one. Investigation into the scientistic psyche a far more rewarding endeavour. What psychosexual developmental error, what delusion dominates u so that u get off on intellectual submission, self-subversion?

Scientific obsession w causality doesn’t enrich knowledge, only impedes its development, for an observation must be ‘understood’ (read: wrangled into cheap syllogism) before it can be built upon. Result is not objectivity, but amplification of man’s most embarrassing blindnesses.

The logic of tradition does not suffer this blind spot: It does not demand to know why something works, for the proof of an idea’s truth is efficacy; its longevity is a function of applicability… a far better definition for truth than one contingent on rational intelligibility.

When unmoored from guiding purpose, science angles at removing human subjectivity to create pure information by aggregating data gathered from the experience of fundamentally non-rational animals— There is no reason that this data should be considered any more objective than the individual nodes from which it is aggregated. To the contrary, it exaggerates and deifies man’s deepest irrationality: his fetishisation of reason.


-Explanation = proof of conclusion. method = paramount authority. applicability = not considered.

-Truth contingent on explicability by material causation.

-Consensus = universal truth, inevitably superseded despite resistance.

-knowledge immeasurably stunted


-Longevity (effectiveness proxy) = Adequate proof

-No claim to Truth as such, only ‘what we do’, ‘what we have long done’, ‘what has worked’.

-Conclusion constantly masaged, iterated infinitely w/o established method, invites supersession. -knowledge flourishes

Traditional practices arise naturally from global-scale decentralised render farm composed of communities of amateur experimenters continuously testing ideas simply by living life. Those who are wrong die. Those who are right survive. Truth serves life, don’t u know? In fact, there IS no scientific ‘tradition’. With its veil lifted, the scientific process is haphazard, unmoored from purpose and disjointed in time.

The Paradigm Shift

-paradigm arises by consensus, validity of subsequent findings hinges on agreement with prevailing paradigm.

-inevitably findings in tension with paradigm accrue, inviting new theories to explain outlying evidence.

-New paradigm arises by consensus, achieves status of ‘truth’. repeat. All worthwhile scientific discoveries are made on the basis of intuition, and all current governing frameworks governing scientific inquiry were founded on deviation from what was once considered scientific truth.

January 01, 2000

Resources for Exocore Features

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Plugin Lists

Online Composition and Editing

Graph Visualisation

oEmbeds and Embeds for Tweets and PDFs

Backlinking and Visualisation of Note Connections

Snippets and Syntax Support for VSCode


Other Ideas / To-do

  • ‘ID’ YAML metadata tag for Wiki notes, to allow provision of both a title and an ID, rather than the ID being the title. Allows for independent manipulation of ID, and mnemonic titles. Some info on identifiers in ZK
  • Addition of VSCode tags for identifiers to insert into template notes
  • Citation management doubling as PDF storage/database Manage Citations for a Zettelkasten • Zettelkasten Method
  • Images should all link to themselves
  • Need backlink graph visualisation — steal from here?
  • FIX Netlify build error when invalid links
  • Implement forelinks
  • link somewhere to jekyll-wikilinks documentation
  • edit image paste settings to be simplest possible — base image path, input box etc
  • Pinned Notes:
    • Pinned: true/false in metadata
    • Pinned note appears in sidebar
  • Github Actions daily push
  • Build ~3 more themes

January 01, 2000

Predictive Processing and the Free Energy Principle

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Classical model of action:

  • Optimal action depends on state of the world
  • Therefore, first step of action is to (1) form a belief (analyse surroundings/prospects)
  • (2) imagine a value function of next state brought about by action
  • (3) optimise action that maximises value of the next state

Model of action

  • Classical model doesn’t work when the best next thing to do is to search for/resolve uncertainty
  • Optimal action depends on beliefs about the world, and subsequent action
  • Further, it’s a function of the order in which you interrogate the world
  • Therefore the functional (function of a function) to be optimised is a function of beliefs
  • Optimal action therefore is optimising sequences or policies of actions
  • To be optimised: a function of a belief, integrated over time

Free Energy Principle:

  • The goal of a self-organising (eg biological) system is to minimise prediction error (surprise), also called ‘free energy’, by forming continually-updated beliefs/inferences about the world from which to form policies of action
  • Friston considers this an organising principle of all life and intelligence
  • To be alive (to be a system that resists disorder and dissolution) is to act in ways that reduce the gulf between your expectations and your sensory inputs (AKA, to minimise free energy)

  • If a prototypical agent, or a ‘good agent’ minimises free energy (thereby minimising ‘surprise’), they must believe that the actions they take minimised expected free energy
  • expected free energy associated with a policy of action is minimised

Markov Blanket:

The Markov Blanket is a concept in machine learning which is essentially a shield that separates one set of variables from others in a layered, hierarchical system. The blanket defines the boundaries of a given system. That is, in cognition, a cognitive version of a cell membrane shielding states inside the blanket from states outside. This is the schema by which surprise is minimised— the Markov blanket is a set of variables sufficiently complete that another random variable can be inferred from it . If a Markov blanket is minimal (parsimonious) (cannot drop any variable without losing information), it is called a Markov boundary.

January 01, 2000

Links from Wei re: other exocore-like implementations

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The DevTerm

The Combine

January 01, 2000

Underpinnings of the Exocore

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Digitally-Integrated Mind Palace

  • Navigability
    • Easy hyperlinking = frequent hyperlinking
  • Memorability
    • Hijacking and piggybacking on existing human mnemonic faculties
    • Zettelkasten mnemonic badges

Semantic Internet

  • Plain text
    • Accessibility
    • Universality
  • Standards-compliance
  • Portability
  • Static Website Delivery

Writing as Thinking, Written Output as Consolidated Thought

  • Feynman Technique
  • General —> specific, scattered -> polished

Data Ownership and Escaping Net Serfdom

  • Digital owned space
    • Customisability
    • Local Instance
    • Digital and Personal Legacy


  • The Viral Public License
  • Non-proprietary (open source) file formats

Network Sublimation

  • Collaboration
  • Webrings
  • RSS
  • Remchat
  • The New Internet


  • Local storage
  • No internet required
  • No coding required
  • Searchability — in contention with static design

Tradition of the Exocore

  • The Roman Room
  • The Memex
  • The Zettelkasten
  • Project Xanadu
  • Web 1.0
  • IRC
  • Webrings
  • Digital Gardens
  • Project Xanadu
  • Memex
  • Compendium
  • Zettelkasten
  • Hyperdraft

Other Exocore-like implementations and resources

Visual data representations that piggyback on human mnemonic faculties

Chernoff Faces

“Chernoff faces, invented by applied mathematician, statistician and physicist Herman Chernoff in 1973, display multivariate data in the shape of a human face. The individual parts, such as eyes, ears, mouth and nose represent values of the variables by their shape, size, placement and orientation.”

Urbit Sigils

Urbit Names

    Prefixes   Suffixes
    ---------- ---------- 
0.    doz        zod
1.    mar        nec
2.    bin        bud
3.    wan        wes
4.    sam        sev
5.    lit        per
6.    sig        sut
7.    hid        let
8.    fid        ful
9.    lis        pen
10.   sog        syt
11.   dir        dur
12.   wac        wep
13.   sab        ser
14.   wis        wyl
15.   sib        sun


  8 bits  galaxy  ~lyt
 16 bits  star    ~diglyt
 32 bits  planet  ~picder-ragsyt
 64 bits  moon    ~diglyt-diglyt-picder-ragsyt
128 bits  comet   ~racmus-mollen-fallyt-linpex--watres-sibbur-modlux-rinmex

Roman Room/Memory Palace/Method of Loci

The Lukasa

“Court historians known as bana balute (“men of memory”) run their fingertips across the surface of a lukasa or point to its features while reciting genealogies, king lists, maps of protocol, migration stories, and the great Luba Epic, a preeminent oral narrative that records how the culture heroes, Mbidi Kiluwe and his son Kalala Ilunga, introduced royal political practices and etiquette. “

January 01, 2000

Predictive Processing and Active Inference — Resources

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See: predictive processing

January 01, 2000

URIs, URLs, UUIDs, ERIs, IRLs, PURLs, RDDLs, and more

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Analysis and Allocation, Dimension in Data Representation and Reality-Facing Informatics

Semantic Web and Share-structured Databases

Computation Complexity

January 01, 2000


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Usufruct is a legal concept referring to a right in property which confers on the holder the right to use and benefit from the property without altering, damaging, or destroying it. A usufructary does not own the property but does have a legal interest in it which is sanctioned or contractually allowed by the owner.

A usufructary has two of the three civilian property property interests in the property, usus and fructus— they do not have the interest of abusus, which entitles them to alienate, destroy, consume or sell the property.

The three civilian property interests:

  • Usus: The right to use or enjoy a thing posessed, directly and without alteration
  • Fructus: The right to derive profit from a thing possessed, eg. by lease, cultivation, taxing on entry, etc. Fructus (from ‘fruit’) allows a person to benefit from the sale of renewable commodities of the property.
  • Abusus: The right to consume, destroy, or transfer the property. This interest is not conferred upon the usufructary.


  • Roman law considered usufruct a type of personal servitude, where the usufructary had no posession of the property. Under a rental agreement today, a person has even more restricted rights over a property than did a usufructary in Rome, but is yet not considered a personal servant.
  • The Law of Modes directed owners of productive property not to harvest the edges of their fields so that the poor may collect the gleanings. This confers a kind of usufructary right by default onto the poor.
  • “Earth belongs – in usufruct – to the living.” (Thomas Jefferson).

January 01, 2000

Dopamine, L-dopa and Pattern Detection

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Production of neurotransmitter dopamine is stimulated by novelty, and it facilitates learning, information storage and pattern-recognition, as well as regulating emotion. Pattern-detection is important to learning, because the brain is able to compress complex raw data by identifying repetitious elements and storing information in association with the pattern, rather than making space for each node of information to be stored separately1. For example, there is no need to memorize 1000 patterns of digits in order to count from 1 to 1000; the pattern is regular enough that the brain can derive each integer from a pattern it has stored, without storing each data point that the pattern produces.

However, patterns are not pure representations of the world, or even of the data being apprehended by the brain— they are mnemonic data structures which necessarily reduce the complexity of information in order to store it more efficiently. Pattern-matching is generally considered to be helpful for learning, and this may be true, provided that ‘learning’ in this context has the same meaning as ‘remembering’, or ‘committing to memory’.

However, is learning-as-remembering actually conducive to understanding? ‘Sensitivity to pattern-detection’ can be alternately phrased as ‘tendency to apply narrative’. Humans cannot resist but apply narrative to phenomena, and it seems that a compulsion to apprehend data in a logical or causal sequence is deeply ingrained in the human brain, ported over from a form of intelligence that evolved to understand the physical world, where causality is a ubiquitous feature. For this reason, making judgements on inert data is a human default, and takes serious conscious effort to avoid.

It is therefore unsurprising that dopamine also lowers skepticism. If logical sequences (patterns) appear more readily, an inflated subset of chaotic phenomena appears to ‘make sense’, and so the suspension of belief is more easily overcome. L-dopa, a drug which is metabolized as dopamine and used to treat Parkinson’s, makes people more vulnerable to pattern-detection, and has a notable side-effect that causes some patients to develop sudden gambling additions— patients see clear patterns in random phenomena, leading them to believe they will be more successful than they will be in reality.

Summary: Pattern detection is conducive to memorization, but not necessarily to clear thinking; in many instances apprehension of a pattern is a reduction of phenomena too complex to be faithfully reduced. Heightened dopamine can bolster addictive compulsions and increase credulousness, as patterns are more readily detected and chaotic sequences of action appear to make more sense. Pattern-detection is enhanced by dopamine production, and tendencies to compulsive action can result.

Dopamine and Neuroplasticity

Dopamine is a neurotransmitter chiefly associated with path-seeking, motivation, and anticipation. It is not a chemical reward; it is a chemical motivator which orients the brain in pursuit of a reward. In the short-term, dopamine has the effect of mental sharpening, alertness, and sensitivity to stimuli. When administered chemicals metabolised as dopamine, chemical which is released in anticipation of something good happening in the future.

Anticipation may be pleasurable, though it is physiologically analogous to nervous anticipation, and open to subjective interpretation. However, our anticipation does not transform into pleasure until the thing anticipated actually happens. If we are excited for good news and don’t hear any, we experience a dopamine crash which brings us to a more displeasurable state than where we started, though nothing has changed.

This is reflected neurochemically: When dopamine is released, there is no neurochemical reward until the the dopamine loop is ‘closed’. Upon this ‘closure’, signals are transmitted backward through the neural systems which were activated as the reward was approached, stimulating cellular growth through myelinization and strengthening the pathways which contributed to the achievement of the goal. This has the effect of increasing our tendency to follow the pattern of action which led us to the reward. Drug addictions develop exactly this way, when the association between drug administration and dopamine release becomes physiologically ingrained. A process of reward-induced neuroplasticity is activated, incentivising either a similar or different path of action depending on whether or not the promise of achievement or pleasure made by the release of dopamine is kept. For this reason, habit-forming and learning of both positive and negative kinds are accelerated when accompanied by the appropriate dopamine release (or administration).

Dopamine draws the mind’s attention to things outside the body, away from interoceptive considerations such as placement of limbs, rate of breathing and heartbeat, respiration, satiety, and emotions associated with autonomic and subconscious processes. By this mechanism, dopamine release decreases self-consciousness.

The above information on dopamine can be worked neatly into the framework of Predictive Processing, which posits ‘free energy’ (put simply, ‘surprise’) as the emergent loss function of biological systems. Free energy represents a delta between the perceptive fantasy (world-theory/model of reality) and sensory input, experienced as subjectively unpleasant surprise.

  1. This process can be compared to data compression algorithms, which implement processes in digitizing natural (analogue) data which are comparable to those used by the human brain when ‘compressing’ experienced data into memory. Quantization, rounding, truncation, subsampling, and others. The human brain searches for patterns and repetition, creates abstractions to bundle concepts together, and forms heuristics to make inferences. Read about some examples of data visualisation and mnemonic aids which demonstrate the crossover between computer and human memory. 

January 01, 2000

Drink Recipes

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  • Glycine
  • L-theanine
  • Taurine
  • Magnesium glycinate
  • Mix into Kombucha or mineral water.

Concentration/Mental feats

  • Magnesium glycinate
  • L-theanine
  • Glycine
  • Creatine
  • Honey (optional)
  • Stir through black coffee or blueberry juice.

Note: Adjust magnesium, glycine and strength of coffee contrapuntally depending on constitution and desired result.

Physical feats

  • Raw cacao nibs or powder
  • Rhodiola
  • Creatine
  • Honey
  • Raw eggs— optionally, add kefir/milk/yoghurt/banana to taste.

ACV Refresher / Digestive

  • Dash of apple cider vinegar
  • Teaspoon of glycine
  • Add to glass of mineral water

Note: Do not drink this too often; your bones will dissolve and you will die.

Orange Milk


  • Orange juice or peeled oranges
  • Honey
  • Greek yoghurt
  • Milk, if using oranges
  • Coldbrew Coffee
  • Add coffee grounds to water in glass bottle, shake well, and leave in fridge to brew overnight.

Optionally, add theanine

Hot Chocolate

Blend well and heat:

  • Warm milk
  • Cream
  • Unsalted butter
  • Honey
  • Raw cacao nibs

Banana Milk

  • Microwave or briefly fry banana with butter
  • Blend well with honey

NB: microwaves will likely soon be found to contribute to ill health, and should be avoided.

Potency Tea

In hot water:

  • Pine pollen
  • Powdered ginger
  • Yohimbe
  • Powdered korean ginseng root
  • Honey

January 01, 2000

Samgyetang Ginseng Chicken Soup (Korean Style)

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For one serving:

  • Cornish hen/spatchcock
  • quarter cup (ideally short grain) rice, soaked for 15 minutes in hot water
  • Ginseng root
  • large dried jujube (red date)
  • 8 garlic cloves
  • Spring onions, chopped
  • Salt
  • Ground black pepper


  • Wash and salt hen, and rinse rice with cold water
  • Stuff with rice, 1 ginseng root, 1 jujube, 8 cloves of garlic
  • Boil from cold water, then simmer for 1.5 hours
  • Occasionally ladle any settled broth over hens
  • Serve Hens whole in a bowl and pour over broth
  • Sprinkle spring onions and pepper

    Compare with [[Ginseng Chicken Tonic Soup (Chinese Style)]]

January 01, 2000

Ginseng Chicken Tonic Soup (Chinese Style)

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10 min preparation, 1-4 hrs cooking


  • Huang Jing (Siberian Solomon’s Seal)
  • Goji Berry (Fructus Lycii)
  • Dang Shen (Codonopsis pilosula)
  • Chinese Yam
  • Ginseng Root
  • Astralagus (Huang Qi)

These can usually be found in a Chinese grocer as a single mix, but buying each separate and in bulk avoids packing markup— you can store a giant glass jar of this for years, cheaply, and only have to buy fresh chicken.

See the benefits of these spices here.

Any kind of chicken is fine, but chicken with bones, like a Maryland or a whole spatchcock (small chicken) works best.


  • Rinse, dry and salt chicken. Let sit for 30 minutes.
  • Place herbs, water and chicken in a pot and bring to a boil, then reduce to simmer.
  • Occasionally check in to remove solids from surface of soup or add water if needed.
  • Cook for 1-4 hrs — 50% reduction is ideal.
  • Remove chicken and chop to serving size. Season soup with salt and serve in a bowl.

Compare with [[Samgyetang Ginseng Chicken Soup (Korean Style)]]

January 01, 2000

Notes on Remilia’s New Internet

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the vision

um um u um uh hhhhhh

the visionis the new internet

the visiton is . remco

the new internet is realtim e( meguca) (s0machat )

the new art is remilia ( milady ) *( bonkler)

this is what. I beleive in . when I said Ibelieve in the vision

spider im so drunk incoehrent righr t now you will have to forgive m e for mty terseness

the new internet is digial dovertnty . exocore. realtime chat. OpenBSD

tiling window manager .terminal .

the new internet is network spirituality

the new internet

it all made sense to me

right now . is like a drea m for me. im rdreaming

the new internet is a reevaluation of our social interaction with each other . and a reformation of our dynamic with each other as USERS

the new internet is whit e hearted ( light hearted)

you have to think about this ,.

the real time chat BSD exocore digital sogivern homestead terminal tiling window manger are the aestehtic surface level

the deeper level is the metaphyiscs of the internet and how we interpret the virtual world

the rleationship betwene user interfaces with our mental spatiotemporal matrix of virtual reality

the relationship of social interfaces with our sociocultural development

digital culture is in turmoil as ou r third spaces are full y owned by pltaforfmrsd . w e are fully plugged in to .

eletronic womb . fetus . umbilical cord (100GB ETHERNET ) Into the SPINE

next stage o f humanutiy . traditionalism ( VAT) (susptended . sensory deperevation) / ( retrun)

3 monitors

112wsx . socio temporal nexus

cxomputer hell

the user interface will stop existing once the machine learning models fully understand us

the syncreticism between the old and the young. the tools to make computers approachable for the old are the fundemental primitive that the young understand comptuers throguh . its ahoreseshi ( horse shoe)

xcomputers must be increasingly MORE addictive . fqast . emotional . no response time given . immediate off th

e cuf f answers . full information throughput betwene interlocutors

charles has not adjusted his body to the netwrok . he is still getting “carsick “ becauyse his body has no t adapted to its new organs

having a new monitor added is like getting a new limb stitched onto your bodyt . conversely. I was mutilated when my diamondtron 2060u broke

stock traders with 30 monitors a re like the hindu dieties

January 01, 2000

The American Samurai

Virtue and Cameraderie in Business

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It is said that business poisons friendships, but it’s not true— Business relationships are an ideal form of friendship, and a corporate entity can form the most cohesive and highly-evolved group dynamics possible. Ongoing, mutually productive business dealings demand personal virtue more than a typical friendship.

Business is a zone of consequence, accountability, and competition; in such an environment virtues are blast-tested constantly. When money enters a friendship and things go sour, the true machinery at play is that scarcities of virtue are revealed. Greed poisons friendships, as does untrustworthiness or envy— it is only the introduction of money which has made these qualities material.

A shrewd businessman searches for the same qualities in an associate as every person should look for in a friend. Many people have no problem maintaining a friendship with someone of loserish character, because they don’t rely on them for their livelihood.

So, the premium on personal virtue increases with the level of consequence. In competitive spheres with no means of recourse to a higher body, there is no insulation from consequence, and a market for virtue is born. Cosmopolites will wonder how the Russian empire grew by 50 miles a day for 300 years without an intermediary institution between the masses and the monarch— well, a healthy culture of underground terrorist extremism flourished, and rulers who made too many mistakes were not granted the mercy of being voted out. Creating a platform and a market for appeals and excuses is likely to spawn a lot of both.

Cutthroat, competitive, unregulated environments tribalize people, which is often wrongly conceived as a process of disconnection— it’s not. People are disconnected by default, and tribalization only brings them closer. An outgroup and an ingroup mutually manifest each other in their opposition, like darkness and light— each exists precisely to the extent that the other does. In an environment where an individual can afford to pay betrayals no mind, the value of loyalty is depreciated. Where there are no consequences to breaches of trust, there is no market for trustworthiness.

Virtues like trustworthiness or loyalty are revealed by situations that demand them, and so domains of direct consequence and accountability produce an ideal form of camaraderie . This makes a mafia the mythically heightened form of a business, where stakes are existential and mechanisms for recourse are truly absent, even hostile.

In unregulated business sectors camaraderie is high, as is productivity— a function of the supremely fruitful relationships formed between virtuous men. If the ultimate font of abundance is the wild west, then the ultimate businessman is a cowboy. In the historical wild west of the American frontier the cowboy arose as a romantic hero, spun into a scrappier, Byronic form suited to New World capital— the The American Chevalier. The American Samurai.

January 01, 2000


Finally... HYPER-LOVE

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When my wife is sponging the coconut oil from my body and bedecking me with ceremonial turkish silk houndstooth posting robe and red sash before I enter the computing chamber for the 6am opening of the XLR realtime imageboard, I will be intoning a psalm to HYPER-LOVE.

When I’m adopting kibi-dachi horseriding stance at my standing desk to drink in energies from panoramic views of dry red plateus and the chapparal forest beyond, I will know that HYPER-LOVE brought me here.

When I’m getting dismembered by four enterprising young cyber-cultists for the Urbit star private key tattooed on my ankle, I’ll be thinking about HYPER-LOVE.

When I’m signing ‘Yours in Christ’ on my transaction hash for a 2.5 Monero contribution to the runaway viral assassination betting marketplace protocol crowdfunding the execution of public officials, I’ll be dreaming of HYPER-LOVE.

When I’m explaining to the postman through the intercom that I can’t come to the gate to sign for my package because my driveway is 6 miles long and that he should leave my dark web acid shipment at the guardhouse, I’ll be thinking of HYPER-LOVE.

When I’m receiving the results of my blood test to discover whether my 12-week research chemical cycle has caused adrenal suppression and the pathologist is asking why they don’t show any COVID-19 antibodies, I am thinking about HYPER-LOVE.

When my boys and I are hiding from tattooed pirates and breaking into a cold storage vault housed in a remote cult compound to reclaim my Urbit star and get my fucking foot back, I’ll be thinking about HYPER-LOVE.

When I am watching the white robes of my paperless indentured servants glisten under high-pressure sodium grow-lamps as they bend over rows of red korean ginseng in my adapted hydroponic microgreen trough-farm warehouse, I will be wondering where I would be without HYPER-LOVE.

When the blueberry juice, deer antler tonic and Sufi devotional chants be hitting and the membrane between this world and a greater one grows thin and I’m surrounded by luminous hovering angels at war with sin, banishing the woeful groaning of arthropod goblins from this worldly plane, bathing me in the light of blazing eternity and strengthening my limbs and rendering my skin golden and bones dense and heavy as cast iron and moving in unison as dancing onionskin ghosts to sanctify the spirit of every creature that lives under the shimmering disc of God’s great red sun, I am linking arms with my friends and we are chanting HYPER-LOVE.

January 01, 2000

I’m Caught Up

On Everything

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OK guys, I’m caught up. I’m finally caught up on Web3, and Urbit, and the Assembly in Austin, and the Wet Brain Panel, and Ethereum scalability, and the distinction between optimistic and zero-knowledge ETH rollups, and Arbitrum (which idc about), and I read the Wikipedia page for Merkle tables, and I learned what shard chains are, and I kind of gave up on figuring out templeDAO unless someone can really make it exciting for me.

I’m caught up on the developments in the mythos of Milady Sonora wherein SWAT teams opened fire on her packed rave in New York City, and how the feds were tipped off by a rival DAO whose board of directors feared the fresh, youthful iconoclasm and enlightened prescience that will wash clean the poisoned digital landscape, and how there was coronavirus in the handsoap and speed in Himi’s coke that night.

I’m caught up on Chinese municipal tier system, and I finally looked at a map of New York and apparently Tribeca stands for Triangle below Canal, like as in Canal Street and oh yeah I found out what the Drunken Canal is, and I read a NYT article about it and the author put Dimes Square in quotation marks which I thought uhh Xennial moment, and apparently Soho stands for South of Hou—idc, and I’m caught up on the OHM/TIME drama and how jawz deactivated but maybe he’s back now, idk (idc), and now I know who Dean Kissick is, and who Honor Levy is and apparently she’s half-jewish which I learned because I listened to an episode of Wet Brain (Moldbug episode, on Spotify) and now I know who Walter Pearce, Tyler Hobbs, Waheed Zai (idc), and Zach Lieberman are.

I’m caught up on the MiladyMaker Minecraft Server and its 100,000-page whitepaper shitpost, and I had dinner with the firm partners, and I avoided getting ejected from the steakhouse for being unvaxxed and I didn’t even have to make a scene, and I got a new suit at the TM Lewin liquidation sale because people weren’t buying suits in quarantine (only shirts), and in the groupchat the boys are staking ICE and burning FRAX, and something about MIM and AVAX idk, and I got the Andrew Tate follow to complete the goated follower stack (Thomas777, Land, Solbrah, Landshark, Tate). I’m caught up on pay-to-earn Axie slaves in the Phillipines, and the revival movement for marquee tags in standards-compliant HTML, And I’m NOT caught up on the Rittenhouse trial (idc).

Now, to look toward tomorrow— toward the Remilia Island Virtual Compound, and to a simultaneous rebirth and gamification of human slavery through the burgeoning indentured South-East-Asian cookie-clicker serf economy backdoor, and to a teary-eyed toast at the private gallery show anticipating the rejuvenation of slavery as such in the eyes of the public consciousness, and to eyeball-analysing AR vaccine-taker detection goggles trained on a GAN, and to an ocean of starry-eyed Vtuber starlet angels making their first million, and to the one young Decentralised-Autonomous-Corporation-as-performance-art who risked it all and won the hearts and minds of seven billion Americans across the globe.


James Arthur Liao